Effect of Aromatherapy Massage on Depression and Anxiety of Elderly Adults: a Randomized Controlled Trial

  • Shima Mehrabian, MSN Kerman University of Medical Sciences
  • Batool Tirgari, PhD Kerman University of Medical Sciences
  • Mansooreh Azizzadeh Forouzi, MSN Kerman University of Medical Sciences
  • Haleh Tajadini, PhD Kerman University of Medical Sciences
  • Yunes Jahani, PhD Kerman University of Medical Sciences
Keywords: anxiety, aromatherapy massage, depression, elderly

Abstract

Introduction: This study investigated the effect of aromatherapy massage with lavender, chamomile, and rosemary oils on the depression and anxiety of elderly adults living in nursing homes.

Methods: This randomized controlled trail was conducted on elderly adults living in nursing homes in Kerman, Iran. Through convenience sampling, 38 elderly adults were recruited and assessed using demographic questionnaire and Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS), respectively. Then, elderly adults were randomly allocated to either a control (19) or an intervention (19) group through block randomization. Elderly adults in the intervention group received aromatherapy massage using lavender, chamomile, and rosemary. Each massage session lasted 20 min and was performed three times per week for two three-week periods with an intervening one-week break, while their counterparts in the control group solely received routine nursing homes care services. HADS Scale completed with repeated measurements before the intervention, at the end of the third week, at the beginning of the fifth week and at the end of the seventh week.

Results: According to the results, mean anxiety in the intervention group went from 11.9 ± 4 to 6.26 ± 3.38 (p <.0001), and the mean depression went from 9.94 ± 3.2 to 4.15 ± 2.14, indicating that anxiety and depression were significantly reduced com-pared with before intervention (p <.0001).

Conclusion: Aromatherapy massage with lavender, chamomile, and rosemary oils is effective in significantly reducing anxiety and depression of elderly adults living in the nursing homes.

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Published
2022-03-02
How to Cite
Mehrabian, MSN, S., Tirgari, PhD, B., Azizzadeh Forouzi, MSN, M., Tajadini, PhD, H., & Jahani, PhD, Y. (2022). Effect of Aromatherapy Massage on Depression and Anxiety of Elderly Adults: a Randomized Controlled Trial . International Journal of Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork, 15(1), 37–45. https://doi.org/10.3822/ijtmb.v15i1.645