Effect of Ice Massage to Head and Spine on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate Variability in Patients with Hypertension: a Pilot Study

  • Mooventhan A, MD Government Yoga and Naturopathy Medical College
  • Sneha Bharati, BNYS The School of Yoga and Naturopathic Medicine
  • Nivethitha L, PhD Government Yoga and Naturopathy Medical College
  • Manjunath NK, PhD S-VYASA
Keywords: blood pressure; heart rate variability; ice application; hydrotherapy; naturopathy

Abstract

Background: Ice massage is one of the common hydrotherapeutic procedures. The current study is first of its kind, conducted to evaluate the effect of ice massage to head and spine on blood pressure and heart rate variability in patients with hypertension.

Materials and Methods: Fifteen hypertensive subjects with the mean ± standard deviation (SD) age of 48.87 ± 11.17 yrs were recruited and underwent only one session of ice massage to head and spine for 20 min. Blood pressure and heart rate variability were assessed before and immediately after the intervention.

Results: Results of this study showed a significant reduction in systolic blood pressure (p = <.001), diastolic blood pressure (p < .001) and heart rate (p = .012), and a significant increase in R-R Interval (the intervals between adjacent R waves in the electro cardiogram) (p = .001) in the posttest assessments compared to its respective pre-test assessments.

Conclusion: Results suggest that 20 min of ice massage to head and spine may reduce blood pressure and heart rate in patients with hypertension. However, there is no evidence that this provides any significant clinical impact for the patient.

Author Biographies

Mooventhan A, MD, Government Yoga and Naturopathy Medical College

Department of Research

Sneha Bharati, BNYS, The School of Yoga and Naturopathic Medicine

Division of Yoga and Life Sciences, S-VYASA 

Nivethitha L, PhD, Government Yoga and Naturopathy Medical College

Department of Nauropathy

Manjunath NK, PhD, S-VYASA

Division of Yoga and Life sciences

Published
2021-07-06
How to Cite
MD, M. A., Bharati, BNYS, S., L, PhD, N., & NK, PhD, M. (2021). Effect of Ice Massage to Head and Spine on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate Variability in Patients with Hypertension: a Pilot Study. International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork: Research, Education, & Practice, 14(3), 22-26. https://doi.org/10.3822/ijtmb.v14i3.573