The Effect of Foot Reflexology on Hospital Anxiety and Depression in Female Older Adults: a Randomized Controlled Trial
Background: Patients with cardiovascular diseases usually suffer from hospital anxiety and depression.
Aim: This study aimed to investigate the effect of foot reflexology massage on anxiety and depression in female older adults suffering from acute coronary syndrome.
Participants: Ninety older women with acute coronary syndrome were randomly assigned into intervention and control groups (n=45 in each group).
Research Design: A randomized controlled trial.
Intervention: The intervention and control groups received foot reflexology massage and routine care, respectively.
Main Outcomes Measures: The levels of anxiety and depression were evaluated using the hospital’s anxiety and depression scale (HADS) before and immediately after foot reflexology massage.
Results: Foot reflexology massage reduced both anxiety (F(1.44)=19.11, p = .001) and depression (F(1.44)=16.76, p = .001) in acute coronary patients relative to control patients. The intervention had a large effect on hospital anxiety and depression.
Conclusions: Foot reflexology massage is an efficient and safe intervention for alleviating psychological responses among female older adults suffering from acute coronary syndrome during hospitalization.
Articles published in this journal are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License (see http://creativecommons.org/ and http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ ). Accordingly, the following conditions apply: (a) Copyright for articles published in this journal is retained by authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. (b) By virtue of their appearance in this open-access journal, articles are free to use, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings. (c) Derivative works are not allowed in that a user may not alter, transform, or add additional content to an article published in this journal.