Evaluating the Effect of Slow-Stroke Back Massage on the Anxiety of Candidates for Cataract Surgery

Maryam Keramati, MD, Mohammad Sadegh Sargolzaei, MSc, Ali Moghadasi, Mohammad Hasan Basirinezhad, MSc, Reza Mohammadpourhodki


Background: The patients under cataract sur-gery often experience anxiety not only during the surgery, but also prior to the surgery.
Purpose: We sought to determine the effects of slow-stroke back massage on anxiety in patients undergoing cataract surgery.

Setting: The study was conducted in the Amiral-momenin Hospital of Zabol city, south-east of Iran.

Participants: A total of 60 candidates of cataract surgery participated in the study.

Research Design: The participants were ran-domly allocated to either control or intervention groups. The intervention group received slow-stroke back massages, while patients in control group received routine interventions.

Intervention: The slow-stroke back massage was performed on the patients assigned to the interven-tion group. The intervention was performed in the morning of the surgery day at 30 minutes before the surgery. The researcher performed each mas-sage session in a sitting position. The duration of each massage session was 15 minutes.

Main Outcome Measures: Anxiety was assessed in the both groups in the morning of the surgery, before and immediately after the intervention. In-dependent samples Student’s t test, paired samples Student’s t test, and chi-squared test were used to analyze the data.

Results: Anxiety was not significantly different between the two groups before and after the mas-sage (p = .816). On the other hand, paired samples Student’s t test showed a significant difference comparing the anxiety scores before (49.7±5.43) and after (45.16±3.89) the massage in the interven-tion group (p < .001).

Conclusions: Based on our results, slow-stroke back massage, which is a low-cost and safe method, reduced anxiety in patients who were candidates for cataract surgery.


slow-stroke back massage; cataract; anxiety; surgery

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3822/ijtmb.v12i2.439

International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
ISSN 1916-257X